Expert Explains Hyperkalemia And Dos And Don’ts Of Eating A healthy body needs to maintain a balance of all nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, and iron. An imbalance in any of these nutrients can cause health complications. One such condition, which occurs when the potassium levels in your body are higher than normal levels is hyperkalemia. To understand more about this condition, we spoke to our expert Dr Pawan Singh, Consultant Dermatologist, Regency Hospital, Kanpur, who explained hyperkalemia and listed dietary tips you should follow. According to StatPearls, hyperkalemia refers to a potassium level in the serum or plasma that is higher than the upper limits of normal, typically 5.0-5.5 mEq/L. Higher concentrations, often between 6.5-7 mEq/L, are when symptoms first appear; however, the rate of change matters more than the exact amount. Kidney dysfunction: One of the major causes of hyperkalemia is impaired kidney function, as the kidneys help regulate potassium levels. According to the National Kidney Foundation, hyperkalemia is experienced by 40%–50% of patients with kidney disease. Certain medications: Some drugs, like potassium-sparing diuretics, can elevate potassium levels. Diet: Consuming excessive amounts of high-potassium foods can also cause hyperkalemia. According to a 2017 study that appeared in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, patients on a potassium-restricted diet who had stage 3 or stage 4 chronic renal disease had a lower risk of developing neuropathy.  

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